The Sentencing Project’s staff and board of directors represent a diverse group of individuals with expertise in fields including research, policy, advocacy, and law, with a shared passion for criminal justice reform.
Amy Fettig is a human rights lawyer and leading expert on criminal justice reform who has garnered national recognition for her work on prison conditions. Prior to joining The Sentencing Project, Fettig served as Deputy Director for the ACLU’s National Prison Project. At the ACLU, she litigated federal class action prison conditions cases under the Eighth Amendment. Her practice focused on claims regarding medical and mental health care in prison, solitary confinement, sexual assault in detention settings, and comprehensive reform in juvenile facilities. Fettig also founded and directed the ACLU’s Stop Solitary campaign seeking to end the practice of long-term isolation in our nation’s prisons, jails and juvenile detention centers through public policy reform, legislation, litigation and public education. Fettig served as a leading member of the national coalition seeking to end the practice of shackling incarcerated pregnant women.A national expert on prisoner rights law and criminal justice reform, Fettig has also provided technical assistance and advice to advocates around the country and has served as an Adjunct Professor of Law at Georgetown University Law Center, where she taught courses on public interest advocacy. Prior to law school, Ms. Fettig worked with incarcerated and formerly incarcerated people and their families in New York City. She holds a B.A., with distinction, Carleton College; a Master’s from Columbia University, School of International and Public Affairs; and a J.D. from Georgetown University. Fettig is a member of the New York State Bar (2002) and the Bar for the District of Columbia (2006).
Alexandra Bailey, End Life Imprisonment Strategist
Alexandra Bailey supports state and local advocates working to challenge the nation’s life sentencing laws. Her priorities include supporting efforts to end life without parole, capping maximum penalties at 20 years, promoting “second look” provisions, and fostering a culture shift that rejects excessive punishments in favor of restorative approaches to public safety.
Prior to joining the Sentencing Project, Bailey was a Campaign Strategist and National Organizing Specialist for the ACLU and a Coordinator for Women’s March in Chicago. She has used her organizing skills to win campaigns including voting rights for unhoused citizens, ending the use of 287g ICE agreements, and the passage of the Equal Rights Amendment in Illinois. Bailey is also an Advisory Commissioner in Washington DC’s Ward 2. She studied organizing and political change theory at the Harvard Kennedy School of Government under Marshal Ganz.
Breanna Bishop provides support to The Sentencing Project's social media efforts, newsletters, websites and other communications outlets. She also assists with research, publication production, and advocacy events.
Prior to joining The Sentencing Project, Bishop was the Communications Associate at the Alliance for Aging Research, where she managed the organization’s social media accounts, created multimedia content, and crafted copy for the organization’s websites. Bishop received her undergraduate degree from Michigan State University and a Masters in Journalism from Georgetown University.
Nazgol Ghandnoosh, Ph.D., conducts and synthesizes research on criminal justice policies. She has written about racial disparities in the justice system, public opinion about punishment, and the scope of reform efforts. Her report, Delaying a Second Chance: The Declining Prospects for Parole on Life Sentences, examines how states and the federal government have increased prison terms for people with parole-eligible life sentences. She regularly presents to academic, practitioner, and general audiences and her work has been featured in outlets including the Washington Post, theNew York Times,and WNYC’sOn the Media. She also edits The Sentencing Project’s Race and Justice Newsletter.
Dr. Ghandnoosh earned an undergraduate degree from the University of Pennsylvania and a doctorate in sociology from the University of California, Los Angeles. Her dissertation, “Challenging Mass Incarceration: A California Group’s Advocacy for the Parole Release of Term-to-Life Prisoners,” was an in-depth study of a South Los Angeles-based group challenging severe sentences.
As Deputy Director, Kara Gotsch oversees The Sentencing Project’s federal advocacy work and develops special projects and partnerships to advance the organizational mission of reducing mass incarceration. Gotsch returned to The Sentencing Project in 2016 after serving as its Director of Advocacy from 2005-2012, when she helped lead the multi-year effort to reform the notorious 100-to-1 crack cocaine sentencing disparity that resulted in the 2010 passage of the Fair Sentencing Act. Her sentencing reform advocacy was honored in 2011 by Congresswoman Maxine Waters.
Prior to her return, Gotsch led the Interfaith Criminal Justice Coalition, a project of the United Methodist Church, General Board of Church and Society, comprised of 50 national faith-based organizations. The coalition organized faith leaders and clergy to advance federal criminal justice reforms, particularly around issues of sentencing, reentry, and collateral consequences of incarceration.
Gotsch has also worked for the National Prison Project of the American Civil Liberties Union overseeing media outreach, public education and federal legislative activities. She concluded her tenure there bringing international attention to the issue of prison rape in Texas. Gotsch received her undergraduate degree from Binghamton University and a Masters in Public Policy from the University of Maryland.
Keeda Haynes supports state and local advocates advancing sentencing reforms and challenging collateral consequences, with a focus on state campaigns to restore voting rights to all justice-involved people.
Haynes is an experienced criminal defense attorney and formerly incarcerated advocate. Prior to joining The Sentencing Project, she was a Senior Legal Advisor at Free Hearts, a criminal justice reform organization based in Nashville. In 2020, Haynes ran for Congress for the 5th district in Tennessee and received 40% of the vote against an entrenched incumbent. She received her law degree from Nashville School of Law.
Heather Koslov leads The Sentencing Project’s fundraising strategy and initiatives. As a dedicated development professional, she is committed to ensuring the staff at The Sentencing Project have the resources they need to achieve their goals and do their best work. Over the past ten years, she has advanced the development efforts of a variety of nonprofits, including Venture Philanthropy Partners, Sitar Arts Center, and Wolf Trap National Park for the Performing Arts. Most recently, Heather was the Director of Development for Sixth & I, a local center for arts, entertainment, and ideas in Washington DC. She received her undergraduate degree from The University of Texas, Austin, and holds a Master’s degree in Arts Management from American University. She is a proud member of the Association of Fundraising Professionals.
Florence Lee develops The Sentencing Project's fundraising materials and strategies and is responsible for maintaining its database of donors. Prior to joining The Sentencing Project, she was the Data and Operations Coordinator/Development Manager at Live It Learn It where she organized its fundraising efforts, scheduled all of its programs, performed its bookkeeping, and recorded and reported program impact. Her professional experience spans many industries, including education, architecture, real estate, health care, and retail. She received a Bachelor of Arts degree in English Language and Literature from the University of Maryland at College Park.
Morgan McLeod oversees The Sentencing Project’s communications planning and evaluation, media outreach, report publication, graphic design and data visualization. She manages the website, social media platforms, constituency mailings and newsletters, and the organization's database of advocates, allies, media contacts and donors. Prior to joining The Sentencing Project, McLeod was the New Media Strategist at the Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies, where she oversaw social media outreach and managed website content and re-development. She also provided communications, research, and programmatic support to the Joint Center's Energy and Environment Program, and managed their Commission to Engage African Americans on Energy, Climate Change and the Environment. Her research and professional interests focus on race, health, social justice, and the built environment. McLeod received her undergraduate degree and a Master of Science in Global Medicine from the University of Southern California.
Richard “Dick” Mendel is a Senior Fellow for Youth Justice, where he conducts research and writes reports to promote reform of our nation’s youth justice systems. Prior to joining The Sentencing Project, Mendel spent more than 20 years as an independent writer and researcher on youth justice and other social justice issues. During that time, he authored several highly-cited publications on juvenile justice for the Annie E. Casey Foundation, including The Missouri Model: Reinventing the Practice of Rehabilitating Youthful Offenders (2010); No Place for Kids: The Case for Reducing Juvenile Incarceration (2011); and Transforming Juvenile Probation: A Vision for Getting it Right (2018). Previously, Mendel authored: Prevention or Pork: A Hard-Headed Look at Youth-Oriented Anti-Crime Programs (1995) and Less Hype, More Help: Reducing Juvenile Crime, What Works – and What Doesn’t (2000) forthe American Youth Policy Forum. As a journalist, Mendel has published articles in TheAtlantic, Washington Monthly, The Marshall Project, Legal Times, Baltimore Sun, [Raleigh, NC] News & Observer, The American Prospect, and other publications. He holds a Bachelors in Public Policy from Duke University and a Masters in Journalism from the University of Maryland.
Marcy Mistrett is a Senior Fellow at The Sentencing Project, working to keep youth out of the adult criminal justice system. Marcy is the former CEO of Campaign for Youth Justice (CFYJ), a national initiative created to end the prosecution, sentencing and incarceration of children in the adult criminal justice system. Under Marcy’s leadership, CFYJ has helped drop the number of youth in the adult system by more than 70%. In addition, two federal laws and more than 100 state laws were passed by 40 states and DC, making it more difficult to treat children as if they were adults. Her work at CFYJ was recognized by The MacArthur Foundation’s Models for Change and the Open Society Institute’s Justice Roundtable. After CFYJ closed it's doors in 2020, Marcy brought the work of the campaign to The Sentencing Project.
Ashley Nellis, Ph.D. has an academic and professional background in analyzing criminal justice policies and practices, racial disparities, juvenile justice systems, and long-term imprisonment. Her documentation of the prevalence of life imprisonment has served as a national resource for academics, advocates, policymakers, reporters, and incarcerated persons. She is the coauthor with Marc Mauer of The Meaning of Life: The Case for Abolishing Life Sentences (The New Press, 2018) which has received praise from the Los Angeles Review of Books, Kirkus, and Publishers Weekly, and has been featured on National Public Radio. Dr. Nellis is also the author of A Return to Justice: Rethinking our Approach to Juveniles in the System (Rowman & Littlefield, 2015) which chronicles America’s historical treatment of youth in the justice system and the need to reorient juvenile justice practices toward the original vision. She has presented her work at a wide range of academic and policy convenings, and is frequently interviewed by a range of news media. Dr. Nellis received her Ph.D. in Justice, Law and Society from American University’s School of Public Affairs.
Terry Nixon is responsible for day-to-day operations of the office including coordination of financial functions, management of employee benefits, contract commitments and expenditures, and liaison with the agency’s board of directors. Prior to joining The Sentencing Project, he worked as Managing Director of Operations for the Institute for Higher Education Policy. Before that, he was Director of Administration and Human Resources for the National Academy of Social Insurance. Nixon received his undergraduate degree from Albany State University (GA) and his Master of Applied Sciences from Florida A&M University, Tallahassee, FL.
Nicole D. Porter manages The Sentencing Project’s state and local advocacy efforts on sentencing reform, voting rights, and eliminating racial disparities in the criminal justice system. Her advocacy has supported criminal justice reforms in several states including Kentucky, Missouri, and California. Porter was named a "New Civil Rights Leader" by Essence Magazine for her work to eliminate mass incarceration.
Since joining The Sentencing Project in 2009, Porter's work has been cited in several major media outlets including the New York Times, Washington Post, and National Public Radio. She has given a number of talks on state sentencing policy, collateral consequences, and racial disparity to various audiences including the League of Women Voters, NAACP, and the United Methodist Women's Assembly.
Porter is the former director of the Texas ACLU’s Prison & Jail Accountability Project (PJAP). PJAP’s mission was to monitor the conditions of confinement in state jails and prisons. Porter advocated in the Texas legislature to promote felony enfranchisement reforms, to eliminate prison rape, and improve prison medical care. Porter received her undergraduate degree from Johns Hopkins University and a Master of Public Affairs from the University of Texas at Austin. Her master’s thesis addressed exploring self employment among formerly incarcerated African Americans. She also studied African Politics at the University of Ghana, West Africa.
Joshua Rovner manages a portfolio of juvenile justice issues for The Sentencing Project, including juveniles sentenced to life without parole, the transfer of juveniles into the adult criminal justice system, and racial and ethnic disparities in juvenile justice. His work has supported reforms in numerous states through research and testimony. He is the author of several papers and fact sheets for The Sentencing Project, including How Tough on Crime Became Tough on Kids: Prosecuting Teenage Drug Charges in Adult Courts and Racial Disparities in Youth Commitments and Arrests, and has had opinion pieces published in the Atlantic, the Washington Post, the Houston Chronicle, and the Hartford Courant.
An expert in child and adolescent well-being, Rovner has worked on juvenile development issues, such as access to primary and mental health care, tobacco prevention, and comprehensive health education. Rovner previously worked at the School-Based Health Alliance, Metro TeenAIDS, the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, and the Council of the District of Columbia. He received his undergraduate degree from the University of Rochester and a Master of Public Policy from the George Washington University.
Bill Underwood is a Senior Fellow at The Sentencing Project for the Campaign to End Life Imprisonment. In January 2021, Bill received a compassionate release from federal prison after serving 33 years on a life sentence. With zero infractions during his over 3 decades of incarceration, Bill was the inspiration for Booker and Bass's Second Look Act. Recognized for his dedication & commitment to rehabilitating his life, his unwavering love and devotion to his children and grandchildren, and his continuous efforts to create a culture of responsibility in his prison community despite the hopelessness of his life without parole sentence. Prior to his arrest, Underwood held a successful career as a prominent music promoter, manager and music business publisher for some of the top R&B, Pop, & Jazz artists in the world.
As the Youth Justice Fellow, Mariana supports the Advocacy Team's work on removing youth from adult courts, jails, and prisons. A rising senior at American University studying Political Science, she has previously interned for the Library of Congress, U.S. Department of Agriculture's Office of the Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights, and the New York State Assembly. She volunteers with the Capital Area Immigrants’ Rights Coalition as a document translator and language interpreter.
Gina supports the Sentencing Project's federal advocacy efforts. She is a Master of Public Affairs candidate at the LBJ School of Public Affairs and has previously worked on criminal justice reform issues with the Texas House of Representatives Criminal Justice Reform Caucus; the LBJ School's COVID, Corrections, and Oversight Project; and the Texas Civil Rights Project. She has also worked extensively on human rights and immigration issues with the Washington Office on Latin America.
Skye supports the Sentencing Project’s efforts with those serving life in prison. She focuses primarily on women serving life sentences. She is a rising junior at the University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee studying to get a Bachelor of Science in Criminal Justice.
As a Research Fellow, Kevin supports The Sentencing Project's research on universal suffrage reforms. He recently completed a Master's in History at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County, where his research focused on deindustrialization and mass incarceration in twentieth century Maryland.
Cynthia Jones is a professor of law at American University’s Washington College of Law where she teaches courses in Evidence, Criminal Law, Criminal Procedure, and a seminar on “Race, Crime and Politics.” Jones served as a law clerk to the Honorable Frank E. Schwelb of the District of Columbia Court of Appeals and worked as an associate at the law firm of Dickstein, Shapiro and Morin. In addition to serving as a public defender, she was also the Executive Director of the Public Defender Service and the Deputy Director of the D.C. Pretrial Services Agency. Jones received her undergraduate degree from the University of Delaware and her law degree from American University’s Washington College of Law.
Susan Tucker, Vice President
Susan Tucker is the former Director of Justice Reinvestment Initiatives for the New York City Department of Probation. Susan also served as the Founding Director of The After-Prison Initiative at the Open Society Institute and the Director of Policy and Research for Victim Services (now Safe Horizons) in New York City, the nation's most comprehensive victim assistance organization. Tucker received her undergraduate degree from Barnard College and her law degree from the NYU School of Law.
Michael Blake is an independent consultant who advises endowments, foundations, and private family financial offices on governance and management of investments. Blake served as Vice President of Finance at Evelyn and Walter Haas Fund, San Francisco and worked as Country Director of Central African Republic (CAR) Peace Corps. Blake received a B.A. in Economics from Duke University, and Master’s in Business Administration from University of California, Berkeley.
Angela J. Davis
Angela J. Davis is a professor of law at American University's Washington College of Law. She is an expert in criminal law and procedure with a specific focus on prosecutorial power and racism in the criminal justice system. Davis previously served as director of the D.C. Public Defender Service, where she began as a staff attorney representing indigent juveniles and adults. Davis is the author of Arbitrary Justice: The Power of the American Prosecutor. She received her undergraduate degree from Howard University and her law degree from Harvard Law School.
Judge Nancy Gertner
Judge Nancy Gertner is a former federal judge for the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts, retiring from the federal bench in September 2011. Gertner had a 20-year career as a lawyer and was celebrated for her work as a criminal defense attorney and civil rights activist. Gertner taught for more than 10 years as a visiting lecturer at Yale Law School, focusing on American sentencing and comparative sentencing law. She received her undergraduate degree from Barnard College, Columbia University, and her law degree and master’s degree from Yale University.
Henderson Hill is Senior Counsel at ACLU. He previously worked as a public defender (PDS), director of the NC Death Penalty Resource Center, a partner at the civil rights law firm, Ferguson Stein Chambers (CLT), and as director of the Federal Defenders of Western North Carolina. Most recently, Henderson served as founding director of the 8th Amendment Project. Henderson launched, and continues to serve as co-director of Redress NC, an initiative to unwind extreme sentences through collaboration with community stakeholders. Henderson is a graduate of Lehman College, CUNY, (B.A. Economics), and Harvard Law School, J.D.
Glenn Ivey is a partner at Ivey & Levetown LLP in Greenbelt, Maryland. His practice focuses on white collar criminal defense, Congressional and grand jury investigations, civil litigation, regulatory matters, and internal corporate investigations. He has previously served as an Assistant U.S. Attorney at the U.S. Attorney’s Office under former Attorney General Eric Holder, an elected State’s Attorney for Prince George’s County, MD, and a chairman of the Maryland Public Service Commission. He has taught at both Harvard Law School and the University Of Maryland School Of Law. Ivey graduated from Princeton University and Harvard Law School.
Ashley McSwain is the Executive Director for Community Family Life Services, an organization serving women returning home from prison or jail and serves, homeless and low income families offering case management, release planning and navigation services. McSwain is also adjunct faculty for Catholic University’s Graduate School of Social Work and is licensed to practice Social Work in Maryland and the District of Columbia. She holds a Master of Social Work from Temple University, a Master of Organizational Development from American University and a bachelors in Criminal Justice from Temple University.
Santha Sonenberg served as a public defender in the federal and local courts, litigator, consultant, and associate professor at various schools of law—including Harvard Law School, Georgetown University Law Center, and University of Maryland School of Law. As a career practitioner, Sonenberg’s emphasis has been the fair and individualized treatment of the disenfranchised. Sonenberg received a Bachelor of Arts Degree from Wesleyan University, Middletown, CT, and her Juris Doctor degree from Georgetown University Law Center.
Ebony Underwood is an advocate, social entrepreneur, filmmaker, and Soros Justice Fellow (2016). She is the Founder & CEO of We Got Us Now, a nonprofit and movement built by, led by and for children of incarcerated parents in an effort to create greater awareness about the issue of parental incarceration and the rippling effects of mass incarceration. She also served as CEO of INPRISON.net, Director of Special Projects of Ebony Son/DTP/Def Jam Records, and spearheaded the Google-initiated digital #LoveLetters campaign. Underwood received her Bachelor of Arts degree in political science from The City College of New York.