Racial Disparity Publications
September 2014 Race and Punishment: Racial Perceptions of Crime and Support for Punitive Policies
This report examines how racial perceptions of crime are a key cause of the severity of punishment in the United States. Race and Punishment: Racial Perceptions of Crime and Support for Punitive Policies, authored by Nazgol Ghandnoosh, Ph.D., research analyst at The Sentencing Project, synthesizes two decades of research revealing that white Americans’ strong associations of crime with blacks and Latinos are related to their support for punitive policies that disproportionately impact people of color.
Coming on the heels of the tragic events in Ferguson, Missouri, the report demonstrates that the consequences of white Americans’ strong associations of crime with blacks and Latinos extend far beyond policing.Author: Nazgol Ghandnoosh, Ph.D.
Issue Area(s): Incarceration, Sentencing Policy, Racial Disparity, Drug Policy, Juvenile Justice
July 2014 Fewer Prisoners, Less Crime: A Tale of Three States
In this report, The Sentencing Project that examines the potential for substantial prison population reductions. Fewer Prisoners, Less Crime: A Tale of Three States profiles the experiences of three states – New York, New Jersey, and California – that have reduced their prison populations by about 25% while seeing their crime rates generally decline at a faster pace than the national average.Author: Marc Mauer, Nazgol Ghandnoosh
Issue Area(s): Sentencing Policy, Incarceration, Racial Disparity, Drug Policy, Women
July 2014 Shadow Report of The Sentencing Project to the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination
Along with 11 allied civil rights and justice reform organizations, The Sentencing Project submitted a shadow report regarding racial disparities in the justice system to the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD). Our report documents continuing disparities in incarceration, the imposition of juvenile life without parole, the death penalty, and felony disenfranchisement. The review of United States’ compliance with the CERD convention will take place in August.Issue Area(s): Sentencing Policy, Incarceration, Racial Disparity, Felony Disenfranchisement, Juvenile Justice
June 2014 Letter in Support of California Senate Bill 1010
The Sentencing Project submitted a letter to California's Assembly Public Safety Committee in support of Senate Bill 1010. The proposed legislation has been approved by the state's Senate and would equalize penalties for crack and powder cocaine offenses. Sentences for intent-to-sell crack convictions range from three to five years in current state law, compared to two to four years for powder. Crack convictions in low-income communities and communities of color are more common because crack is cheaper than powder. SB 1010 would eliminate the difference in sentencing, probation and asset forfeiture rules for low level powder and crack cocaine offenses.Issue Area(s): Drug Policy, Racial Disparity, Incarceration, Sentencing Policy
May 2014 (The Sentencing Project) Disproportionate Minority Contact in the Juvenile Justice System
Despite positive trends regarding juvenile interactions with the justice system, racial disparities remain as a persistent problem. African-American youth comprise 17 percent of the population, but comprise 31 percent of all arrested youth.
This briefing paper explains how disproportionate minority contact (DMC) with the juvenile justice system is measured and takes a close look at drug offenses, property crimes, and status offenses. Racial disparities weaken the credibility of a justice system that purports to treat everyone equally.Author: Joshua Rovner
Issue Area(s): Incarceration, Juvenile Justice, Racial Disparity