Racial Disparity News
December 9, 2014
The Sentencing Project Submits Recommendations to D.C.’s Mayor-Elect
Following her election as Washington, D.C.’s new mayor, Muriel Bowser has sought public input on important issues facing the District. The Sentencing Project submitted four recommendations for juvenile justice reform:
The full testimony can be read here.
December 9, 2014 (The Sentencing Project)
Statement by The Sentencing Project for Senate Hearing on the State of Human and Civil Rights
The Sentencing Project submitted a statement today for inclusion in the record of a Senate Judiciary subcommittee hearing on “The State of Civil and Human Rights in the United States.”
We commend Chairman Dick Durbin for continuing his examination of the policies and practices that contribute to excessive imprisonment and racial disparities throughout the criminal justice system. In this written statement, we seek to bring attention to the causes of mass incarceration and racial injustice, the failures of mandatory minimum penalties, and the deeply problematic policy of felony disenfranchisement.
December 4, 2014 (The Sentencing Project)
On Eric Garner’s Death and the Need to Re-Envision Policing
Eric Garner’s tragic death at the hands of a New York City police officer and a grand jury’s decision to not indict have heightened concerns about police practices and accountability. Coming in the wake of a police officer’s fatal shooting of Michael Brown in Ferguson, Missouri and subsequent non-indictment, Americans are outraged and demanding change. “Black lives matter” has become the rallying cry of activists and is being echoed by political leaders including New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio. De Blasio has noted: “It’s a phrase that should never have to be said, it should be self-evident, but our history requires us to say that black lives matter.”
Black and white Americans experience different police practices. They encounter police at different rates and for different reasons, and they are treated differently during those encounters. Racially biased use of discretion – either intentional or unintentional – is one cause of the disproportionate police contact that is not explained by differences in crime rates. Another cause is policies, such as “stop and frisk” and “broken windows policing,” that place people of color under greater scrutiny with the rationale of circumventing serious crimes. Officer Darren Wilson stopped Brown for jaywalking. Officer Daniel Pantaleo and his colleagues approached Garner for selling untaxed cigarettes.
There is limited evidence to support the efficacy of targeting such petty crimes, while there is great cause for concern about the impact. Excessive police encounters erode trust and cooperation with the police, contribute to the over-representation of people of color in prisons and jails, and lead to the disproportionate rate of fatal police encounters among unarmed African American men. We must work to correct all of these problems.
Recommended reading: "Broken Windows Policing Doesn't Work," on Slate.
December 3, 2014 (The Sentencing Project)
Center for American Progress Report on Eliminating Barriers to Reentry
This week, the Center for American Progress released an important new report analyzing barriers to economic security and mobility for people with criminal records and making recommendations for reform. The Sentencing Project's Marc Mauer appeared at an event highlighting the release of the report and joined a panel conversation to discuss these issues.
December 3, 2014
Race and Justice News
Policing: African Americans Experience Disproportionate Police Contact Across U.S.
Marijuana Reforms: Will Decriminialization and Legalization End Racially Disparate Enforcement?
State Punitiveness: Black Population Size Predicts State Punitiveness
Legislative Reforms: Crack Sentencing and the Felony Drug Ban on Welfare Benefits