Skip to main content
Publications

State Sentencing and Corrections Policy in an Era of Fiscal Restraint

February 01, 2002
Ryan King and Marc Mauer
This report highlights the significant legislative initiatives of 2001 in regard to criminal justice policy, and provides an overview of fiscal actions taken or proposed to date that are likely to affect the course of policy in many states.

During the 2001 legislative session the landscape of criminal justice policy began to change in significant directions.

In statehouses across the country, legislators adopted bills that either scaled back or reversed sentencing policies with the explicit objective of reducing incarceration. A number of states enacted legislation moderating policies regarding mandatory minimum sentencing and the treatment of drug offenders. These legislative actions heralded a significant reconsideration of approaches to public safety and signaled a new willingness to consider less punitive approaches to the problem of crime by politicians of both parties, in sharp contrast to the trends of the last quarter century.

Several developments account for the change in the political environment leading to the first significant moderation in criminal justice policy among states in decades. These include the declining crime rate for most of the 1990s helping to reduce public fear and concern on this issue; new programs and practitioner initiatives, such as drug courts, gaining acceptance as viable alternative methods for dealing with crime; and growing public and policymaker awareness of the limits of incarceration, expressed most recently in concern about “re-entry” for the nearly 600,000 inmates released from prison each year, often with few skills, drug treatment or training to facilitate their return.

An additional new development in 2001 has been the declining economic picture. Budget shortfalls in nearly every state have driven many states to consider cutting corrections budgets. The events of September 11th and their aftermath intensified existing economic difficulties and resulted in the need to cut state expenditures. In the few months following, state executive officers and legislators have proposed substantial shifts in funding for criminal justice programs. Some of these build on policy changes that may be expected to reduce incarceration, and therefore costs, while supporting continued crime reduction. Others, however, may lead to short term savings and long term cost increases.

This report assesses both of these developments among the states. To read the report, download the PDF below.

 
Related Posts
publications
September 05, 2018

Decarceration Strategies: How 5 States Achieved Substantial Prison Population Reductions

Dennis Schrantz, Stephen DeBor, and Marc Mauer
Connecticut, Michigan, Mississippi, Rhode Island, and South Carolina have reduced their prison populations between 14-25% over the past decade. This report describes how these five states can serve as decarceration roadmaps for other states.
publications
Public Comment on Commission’s Proposed Priorities for 2018-2019 Amendment Cycle
August 27, 2018

Public Comment on Commission’s Proposed Priorities for 2018-2019 Amendment Cycle

A coalition of civil rights, criminal justice reform, and human rights groups provided comments to the U.S. Sentencing Commission on ways to improve the fairness and proportionality of the Guidelines; promote individualized review of specific offense conduct; and mitigate excessively punitive provisions.